Monday, 19 June 2017

First Indian Woman To Be Elected As Judge Of The International Tribunal For The Law Of The Sea (ITLOS)

Dr. Neeru Chadha from INDIA has been elected as the Judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, becoming the first Indian woman to be elected to ITLOS.

Dr. Chadha graduated from the University of Michigan and the University of Delhi, and went on to join the legal and Treaties Division of the Ministry of External Affairs in 1992. She was then appointed as the first women Chief Legal Advisor to the Ministry of External Affairs in 2012.

She was also India’s lead agent for the cases filed by Italy before the International Tribunal for the Law of Sea and at the arbitral tribunal in The Hague, in the incident concerning the accusation against two Italian Marines for shooting dead Indian fishermen off the coast of Kerala in 2012.

Dr. Chadha had also represented India before the ICJ in 2016, When Marshall Island had accused India of not taking its disarmament obligations seriously as a nuclear weapons state. She has represented the Indian government in various other multilateral meeting and conference before the United Nation, AALCO (Asian African Legal Consultative Organization). UNIDROIT (International Institute for the Unification of Private Law), UNCITRAL (UN commission on International Trade Law).

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organization created by the mandate of the Third United Nation conference on the Law of the Sea. It was established by the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, signed at Montego Bay, Jamaica, on December 10, 1982. The Convention entered into force on November 16, 1994, and established an international framework for law over “all ocean space, its uses and resources”. The tribunal is based in Hamburg, Germany. The Convention also established the International Seabed Authority, with responsibility for the regulation of seabed mining beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, that is, beyond the limits of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone and the continental shelf. There are currently 167 signatories, 166 states plus the European Union 

(Reference: , wikipedia)

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